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Orthopaedics 360

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The lesser toes represent the 2nd to 5th toes. Each toe is comprised of a long metatarsal bone, and three smaller bones called the phalanx. There are three joints in each of the toes. The MTP,PIP, and DIP joints.

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An imbalance between the normal intrinsic and extrinsic muscle forces can result in characteristic ‘deformities’ of these toes

 

Types of Toe Deformities

There are several different characteristic deformities seen in the lesser toes.

Mallet Toe

A Mallet toe is characterised by an isolated flexion deformity of the DIP joint. This occurs due to tightness of the flexor tendon of the toe, or loss of function of the extensor tendon.

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Hammer Toe

A Hammer toe is characterised by flexion of the PIP joint, and extension of the DIP joint. Hammer toes are commonly seen in combination with a bunion deformity of the Big toe.

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Claw Toe

A ‘Claw’ deformity is distinguished by flexion of both the PIP and DIP joints, with hyperextension of the MTP joint. ‘Clawing’ may affect multiple toes, and may have an underlying neurological cause.

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Crossover Toe

When instability occurs in the MTP joint, a ‘Crossover’ toe deformity may result. In this situation, the toe will move under or over the adjacent toe.

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What problems do bent toes cause

There may be several

While some people experience minimal concerns with the change in shape of their toes, there are several issue that may warrant further management.

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Cosmesis

Many people will not like the new appearance that their feet have acquired. Over time, these deformities often worsen, and a deteriorating cosmetic appearance is a common reason for seeking management.

Callus | Ulcer formation

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The development of bent toes, often results in difficulty with shoe wear. Constant friction between the top of the toe and the shoe results in callus formation and skin breakdown.

 

Development of Arthritis

With progression of these deformities, arthritis typically occurs in the small joints of the toe. This can result in pain and stiffness.

 

Are your bent toes causing you issues?

Day procedure corrections

Toe realignment procedures

Surgical management of lesser toe deformities is aimed at re-aligning the toe and relieving pressure areas and stabilising painful arthritic joints.

Via a combination of tight tendon releases, fusions of small arthritic joints, and correction of bony alignment, Dr. Smith surgically straightens bent toes (lesser toe deformities).

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Do you experience any of the following issues with your bunions?

Pain over your bunion

Difficulty wearing shoes

Concerned with your foot’s appearance

Disclaimer: Please note that this is general advice only - for more information, please consult your regular doctor, or obtain a referral to see a specialist orthopaedic surgeon. 

Orthopaedics 360

Orthopaedics 360

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Southern Specialist Centre

Orthopaedics 360

P: (08) 7099 0188

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Health @ Hindmarsh

Orthopaedics 360

P: (08) 7099 0188

F: (08) 7099 0171

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